The listed resources provide background information and training, data, tools and guides that may be useful throughout the PSE change process.

These resources provide introductions, explanations and/or examples of PSE change:

Complete relevant trainings for in-depth learning on the PSE change process:

  • Action for PSE Change: A Training – This training from the GW Cancer Center explores PSE change, from its evidence base to a full-length case study. It provides background information on the 7-step PSE change process, stepwise worksheets, a PSE action plan template, real-world examples from comprehensive cancer control programs, an extensive resource list and theoretical and evaluation approaches to help grow the PSE change evidence base.
  • Introduction to Policy Evaluation in Public Health – Designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for public health practitioners, this online course introduces the use of policy evaluation in public health, teaches how to apply evaluation methods throughout a policy process and provides an understanding of how to apply the CDC Evaluation Framework.
  • Region V Public Health Training Center –  This training arm of the University of Michigan School of Public Health, funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration Bureau of Health Professions, offers a broad range of archived webinars and other training.

Use these surveillance sources to pinpoint the issue(s) to be addressed by PSE change:

  • AARP Livability Index – With the goal of developing policies that enhance individuals’ ability to exercise choice as they age, this web-based tool evaluates numerous areas, including public health and public policy, in developing measures of community livability.
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)  – From CDC, this is “the nation’s premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services.” CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) offers leading causes of death and disability among youth.
  • Cancer Trends Progress Report – Based on the most recent data available, this series reports on progress against cancer through research and related efforts. Included are measures of progress in the areas of prevention, early detection, diagnosis, treatment, life after cancer and end of life.
  • CDC Wonder – This site allows users to access numerous data sets, reference materials, reports and guidelines published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available information includes statistics, charts and maps addressing cancer incidence, census data and mortality data, among others.
  • County Health Rankings & Roadmaps – Together with the Roadmaps, which provide tools to understand and use the data, the annual County Health Rankings compile county-level information on a wide range of health factors, such as access to healthy foods, obesity, and smoking.
  • Dartmouth Atlas Data and Dartmouth Atlas Interactive Apps
    This data source allows the tracking of Medicare claims data over time and provides access to data sets through interactive graphs and maps.
  • DataUSA – This open platform website and visualization engine provides access to public U.S. government data.
  • Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA) Data Warehouse – This online repository combines data from HRSA with data from numerous other sources to present information about health care programs and the populations impacted by the programs.
  • Healthy Communities Policy Guide – From the American Planning Association, this guide “identifies policy ideas for local, state, and federally elected officials aimed at improving community health and quality of living through planning.”
  • How Do You Measure Up? – An annual report from ACS CAN that reviews each state’s progress on important cancer issues, including several relevant topics on PSE change.
  • – The goal of this program is to “increase the use of policy surveillance and legal mapping as tools for improving the nation’s health.”
  • National Health Care Quality and Disparities Reports – This site provides national and state-specific measures of performance across different areas of health care, as compared to benchmarks (standard of comparison), as well as data queries and national trends.
  • National Program of Cancer Registries  – Administered by the CDC, this program collects and makes available data on cancer occurrence (including the type, extent, and location of the cancer), the type of initial treatment and outcomes.
  • State Cancer Profiles – This website provides descriptive cancer statistics based on data collected from public health surveillance systems. The site includes a variety of interactive graphics and maps, and focuses on cancer sites that have corresponding evidence-based interventions.
  • Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results – Managed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), use this site to access cancer databases, statistical methods, and software tools.
  • Toolkit for Communities Using Health Data – This report, from the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics, explains how to collect, use, protect and share data responsibly.
  • Transportation and Health Tool – This tool provides information and data that can be used to consider the health impacts of existing or proposed transportation systems. It was developed by the U.S. Department of Transportation and CDC.
  • United States Cancer Statistics (USCS) – Developed by CDC and NCI, this online resource presents the official federal statistics on cancer incidence and cancer mortality for each year and for the most recent 5-year period combined.

Use these resources to make it easier for stakeholders and policymakers to visualize the need for PSE change:

Use these sites to gain insight into proven cancer control interventions, policies and programs:

  • The Community Guide – An independent panel of public health and prevention experts (the Community Preventive Services Task Force) is responsible for collecting these evidence-based interventions to help you select programs to improve health and reduce disease. Search by topic and choose policy development, environmental change or other relevant terms under “strategy.”
  • Community Guide in Action – Use this interactive map to see how programs and organizations have used the Community Guide to improve health.
  • Community Health Advisor – This interactive site, supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, incorporates your location to help identify policies and programs that may have the biggest impact on health and medical costs.
  • Examining Whether the Health-in-All-Policies Approach Promotes Health Equity – Through public and private sector interviews, the authors of this article found a relationship between the use of health in all policies and the promotion of health equity.
  • The Evidence for Policy and Environmental Approaches to Promoting Health – This publication is a supplement to the Society for Public Health Education’s (SOPHE) Health Education & Behavior journal addressing policy and environmental approaches to advance health.
  • Health Impact in 5 Years (HI-5) – This CDC initiative “highlights non-clinical, community-wide approaches that have evidence reporting (1) positive health impacts, (2) results within five years, and (3) cost effectiveness and/or cost savings over the lifetime of the population or earlier.”
  • Healthy Schools – The CDC’s Healthy School website provides numerous resources for engaging school systems in PSE change.
  • National Governor’s Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices – The NGA Center for Best Practices provides resources to assist policymakers in realizing solutions for local challenges, offering best practices related to issues such as environment and health.
  • Shaping the Context of Health: A Review of Environmental and Policy Approaches in the Prevention of Chronic Diseases – This article by Brownson, Haire-Joshu and Luke describes lessons learned from the application of 17 different PSE change interventions.
  • Top Tier Evidence – This website, originally created by the Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy, provides information on social programs supported by high quality research.
  • What Works for Health – “This site provides communities with information to help select and implement evidence-informed policies, programs, and system changes that will improve the variety of factors we know affect health.”

Considerations for PSE change evaluation design:

Learn more about a variety of PSE-related topics using these detailed how-to guides: